Cappadocia is a historical region of Turkey in Central Anatolia, home to the amazing sight, the Fairy Chimneys. They are rocks formed from volcanic material dating back from between 9 and 3 million years ago. Over time, these natural rock formations have been battered by wind and rain, to form pillars and minarets. Distinctive houses, monasteries and places of worship have been carved from these, and decorated inside with frescos. Some of these seen today date back to the Roman Empire.
They are no longer function as places of worship and tourists can walk through the churches and chapels that make up The Open Air Museum, now listed as a World Heritage site. This was at first, an important Byzantine monastic settlement that housed some 20 monks, then a pilgrimage site from the 17th century.
This popular tourist destination as has many areas with unique geological, historic, and cultural features. To see the area, you can hike, mountain bike or horse ride through the valleys. Another option is to view the site from above by hot air balloon, especially in the early morning hours at sunrise where the formations, in combination with the light, create a spectacular impression. Keen photographers will find plenty of great shots waiting to be taken.
Because of its extraordinary landscape and formation, this area has been used by many film studios in recent years as the locations for sci-fi, horror and adventure movies.