At a height of 51 m (~167 ft), Niagara Falls are not the tallest of waterfalls, but they do have the highest flow rate of any waterfall in the world, with over 170,000 m3 (~6,000,000 ft3) of water cascading over the top each minute at peak flow. Located on the borders of Ontario, Canada and New York in the United States of America, Niagara Falls is composed of three waterfalls in total: the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls.
Two international bridges cross the Niagara, connecting the cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario in Canada and Niagara Falls, New York in the USA. The Rainbow Bridge is open to foot traffic and non-commercial vehicles and offers the closest view of the falls. The Whirlpool Rapids Bridge has two decks, the upper carrying a railway and the lower for private vehicles – pedestrians and commercial traffic are not allowed.
Over 28 million visitors flock to Niagara Falls annually. Peak traffic is during the summer, both daytimes and evenings, when viewings are illuminated by floodlights from the Canadian side.
The Falls can be viewed from various angles, including walkways and an observation tower along Prospect Point Park on the American side. On Goat Island, you can view the ‘mechanics’ of the waterfall, from a point beneath Bridal Falls via the Cave of the Winds. From Canada, Queen Victoria Park holds platforms for viewing the falls from above as well as observation rooms underground. But one of the most popular attractions is the Maid of the Mist boat cruise. This captivating experience carries tourists right into the rapids below the Falls and has been running since 1846.
Aerial views can be gained from a helicopter ride or the Flights of the Angels helium balloon ride, a spectacular way seeing the Falls in their stunning entirety.